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  • Writer's pictureShamsher singh


Jassa Singh Ahluwalia was born in 1718 at a village called Ahluwal near Lahore that was set up by his ancestor, Sadda Singh, a devotee of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. He was a prominent leader of the Sikh Empire and his contributions and works had always been remarkable as well as admirable. With his works, he was honored with the title ‘NAWAB’ at Amritsar in 1754. At the age of four, he lost his father Sardar Badar Singh Ji and therefore, his mother and he moved to Dehli where they performed kirtan. Mata Sundri Ji was pleased with him and showered her blessings to him. Jassa Singh Ahluwalia along with his mother settled further in Jalandhar, where they used to recite the kirtans in the early mornings. On the day of Gurpurab, he was accompanied by his uncle and mother to pay a visit to Nawab Kapur Singh.

When Jassa Singh Ji recited the Asa Di Vaar Kirtan, the Nawab was so impressed and convinced him to stay over for a month. Furthermore, he also started practicing the art of war, and became advanced in horse riding, swordplay and archery. In 1745, Nawab Kapur Singh organized the Sikh Misl in eleven with their own name and flag. Jassa Singh Ahluwalia headed the Ahluwalia Army along with being nominated as the successor of Nawab Kapur Singh on the

eve of his death in 1753. With the succeeding years, the Khalsa Panth admired him a lot and designated him as Sultan-ul -quam (king of the nation), where they captured Lahore in 1761. In the year 1764, the Afghani invasions led to the destruction of Harmandir Sahib, which was rebuilt by Jassa Singh Ahluwalia. In April 1761, Abdali defeated the Mughals in Panipat for the third time, but along with this, he took 2200 women along with him to Afghanistan to sell them further for slavery. The relatives of the victims reached out to Jassa Singh ji and he along with his voluntary force was immediately set. They caught up with the Afghans at the banks of River Sutlej at Goindwal. The women were rescued and sent back safely with their families. Beloved by God and the Sikh Community, he was titled as ‘Guru Ka Lal’. He left for his heavenly abode in the year 1783 and he was cremated within the premises of Harmandir Sahib. He was succeeded by Akali Nihang Baba Naina Singh Ji. The works and contributions of Jassa Singh Ahluwalia have been unforgettable and marked the history of the Sikh Community. To keep him alive within us, Nawab Jassa Singh Ahluwalia Government College (NJSA Government College) in Kapurthala was founded in 1856 by Raja Randhir Singh of Kaputhala. A commemorative postage stamp on Jassa Singh Ahluwalia was issued by the Government of India on 4 April 1985.



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